Planting trees in Marocco

Bor Borren permaculture

In the spring of 2019, I received a spontaneous call from Aziz. He is, together with other Moroccans, occupied with recovering the soil of Morocco. They created an institution for this action, namely  Riforest. Many Moroccans have estate within the family that is not being used. This is mainly due to the fact that many Moroccans leave the countryside to …

Garden transformation

Bor Borren permaculture

Marianne from Mijdrecht, the Netherlands, asked me if I could help her with transforming her front garden into an edible garden. As she is a bird lover, she also wanted to attract insects and birds with her new garden. But, her garden only exists out of tiles made out of gravel, so how do you start such transformation? Well, by …

Lectures

Bor Borren permaculture

On requests, I like to give a lecture about permaculture and edible forest gardens. It functions as an introduction to permaculture by talking about the theory and also about the practical side of permaculture. I like to keep it to the point with a good-looking presentation that only includes images and no text. We can always adjust the lecture to …

Till or no till?

Bor Borren permaculture

The health of the soil is a determiner of the health of plants, animals, humans, ecosystems and even the economy. When we see a fresh ploughed field, our first reaction is often: ‘That looks neat with its even soil and rows.’ We are used to this vision due to multiple beliefs, like that the soil should be turned around so …

What’s the difference between permaculture, agroforestry and ecological agriculture?

Bor Borren permaculture

What is exactly the difference between all of the terms we use? The differences are sometimes small and the terms often overlap. To clarify everything, I will discuss the most important differences: Agroforestry Agroforestry mixes perennial trees and bushes with arable farming, vegetable cultivation or grass grounds on the same area. The trees and bushes are planted for multiple reasons, …

Help with buying an estate

Bor Borren permaculture

‘I want to buy forest soil. Is it suitable for an edible forest garden?’ ‘The building plot I want to buy has a risk of high tide. Can I do something about this?’ ‘I can purchase extra estate next to my house. Is it suitable for permaculture?’ Sometimes I receive questions about estates and if they are suitable for permaculture …

Gardening on a sandy soil

Bor Borren permaculture

Recently I received the question if I am also available for small gardens. This person really wanted a garden based on permaculture, but didn’t have much gardening skills, time and budget. This is a difficult combination of factors. But, after an evaluation of the garden I made a simple sketch and we decided to work together on it for a …

What is an edible forest garden?

Bor Borren permaculture

An edible forest garden is a productive forest with edible and perennial plants and trees. It is not a natural forest, but it’s also not an orchard. Besides this, there’s much diversity to create a sustainable ecosystem. It is built in 7 layers: Big trees (seven metres and higher: oak trees, tall-trunk fruit trees, walnut trees) Small trees (low-trunk fruit …

It’s nothing new

Bor Borren permaculture

On a flea market in a village called Beusichem, located in the Netherlands, I found an interesting book: ‘Biologische groenteteelt en bemesting’ by Ewald Könemann. The title translated: ‘Biological vegetable cultivation and fertilisation’. It was originally published in Germany in 1956, but I have a translated version in Dutch that was published in 1974. When I was reading this book, …

It’s all about compost

Bor Borren permaculture

With the traditional way of making compost (the cold method), it can take a year before you see any results. But, there is also a faster way: the Berkley-method (warm method). In 18 months you will have one cubic meter of compost. A big advantage of this method, is that weeds, germs and insects are eliminated. But, it does require …

Swales, a multifunctional water system

Bor Borren permaculture

The term ‘swale’ originates in permaculture. It is a shallow channel or trench that is build on the contours of the land and the goal is to collect water. The soil that comes from the channel is used to create a platform beside the swale and it is covered with as much mulch as possible. When plants and trees grow …

How to grow edible mushrooms

Bor Borren permaculture

The mushroom is a special phenomenon in nature as it is not a plant, but a mould. It mainly lives under the ground and it creates a big network in the soil. So, when you harvest a mushroom, you do not harvest one single mushroom, but just a part of a huge network. Also, there are way more types of …

Building an insect hotel

Bor Borren permaculture

During the permaculture internship at the PRI Zaytuna Farm Australia (Winter 2013) each student has the assignment to carry out an independent project. I chose to make an insect hotel or a bee hotel. I located it between the vegetable garden and the edible forest garden. These gardens are every happy with such hotel! There were lots of materials available …

Lecture about permaculture

Bor Borren permaculture

In a place in the Netherlands, namely Culemborg, I gave a lecture about permaculture. It was located in a place called the ‘Stadswerkplaats’, which is a meeting place for creativity, talents, ideas and knowledge. Every month they organise a lecture night about an environmentally friendly subject. So, in a pleasant setting I spoke about permaculture and many questions were asked …

Graduated in PDC!

Bor Borren permaculture

In October 2012, I graduated in the Permaculture Design Course (PDC). This course is located on the farm of Geoff Lawton in Australia. It was a special experience in Down Under, a country that is far ahead in permaculture. In the beginning of 2012, I registered for a PDC in the Netherlands. However, this was cancelled last minute due to …

The farm of the future?

Bor Borren permaculture

Will farmers transition to permaculture? Does permaculture fit in the current agriculture? And what are the possible perspectives? To this day, there are not enough examples of farmers who changed their system to permaculture, except in Australia and the USA. The only other current movement, is that farmers transition to biological agriculture. In my vision, this is just changing the …